Alexandria

Alexandria

In the ancient era, Alexandria was the capital of Egypt and was called the “Bride of the Mediterranean.” It was built by Alexander the Great, so it was named in his honor. Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo.

And that city contains many attractions and distinctive tourist places; Therefore, tourism in Alexandria is one of the most important destinations that attract large numbers of tourists from outside and inside Egypt, as it is the pearl of Egypt, which contains many ancient Pharaonic museums in addition to some newly built monuments, and also contains religious landmarks and various recreational places, and there are many It is one of the world-famous beaches that tourists come to from all over the world.

alexandaria
alexandaria

Qaitbay Citadel

One of the oldest Islamic monuments and the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria, which receives large numbers of tourists throughout the year. 

This castle was built by Sultan “Ashraf Seif al-Din Qaytbay” on the Mediterranean coast in the same place as the old minaret, which was destroyed during a strong earthquake in the past; To be one of the impenetrable fortresses of the people and the army from the many threats that were inflicting on the city. The castle was fortified with high walls, about 4 meters high and about 2 meters wide. 

The castle was built within two whole years, and some destruction occurred in the castle when the British occupation entered Egypt, but the Committee for the Conservation of Arab Antiquities restored it in 1904.

Qaitbay Citadel
Qaitbay Citadel

Library of Alexandria

It is considered one of the most important places of tourism in Alexandria and Egypt in general; As it is a beacon of different cultures, arts and civilizations around the world, the library was opened in its new form in 2002, and was called the Great Library; It is not a library that includes books only, but it contains many buildings represented in:

Library of Alexandria
Library of Alexandria

The mother or main library that contains large numbers of valuable books in various fields.

Planetarium.

 

The mother or main library that contains large numbers of valuable books in various fields.

Planetarium.

A hall dedicated to teaching science in a simple way for children.

Number (15) exhibitions such as: the Arabic calligraphy exhibition and the sculpture exhibition.

There are 13 specialized centers for academic research, such as the Center for Democratic Studies.

(6) Libraries dedicated to each category, such as: Children’s Library, Rare Books Library, and others.

Four (4) museums, such as the Sadat Museum and the Manuscripts Museum.

Building panorama of civilization.

(4) halls for temporary exhibitions of art.

 

This masterpiece is located in the Shatby area on the Corniche Road, specifically in front of Al-Silsila Beach. 

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina visits times throughout the week from ten in the morning until seven in the evening, except for Friday from two in the afternoon until seven in the evening, and Saturday from twelve in the afternoon until four in the evening

 

POMPEY’S PILLAR

It is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria, which visitors flock to see the strength of its construction and its towering height. 

The pillar dates back to the Roman era in memory of Emperor “Docletian”, who rid the people of Alexandria from the revolution set up by the leader “Achilles”, so they built this column thanks to the emperor who He restored stability and calm to the city.

 

In the past, it was called the masts column in relation to the high-rise “ship masts”, and then changed its name to “the masts column”, and red granite was used in its construction and its length reaches (20.75 meters).

POMPEY’S PILLAR
POMPEY’S PILLAR

The tombs of Kom el Shoqafa

They are archaeological tombs located in the Kom El Shoqafa area in Alexandria. They represent many ancient cultures. 

They are a mixture of Pharaonic arts with Roman and Greek arts, and contain some artifacts and many tombs and statues. 

The construction of these tombs has been expanded over the ages due to the presence of great differences in the decoration and inscriptions specific to each region.

 

The tombs of Kom El Shoqafa have been discovered with a story that is stranger than fiction. It was discovered by a donkey when it fell into one of the tombs at a distance of (12 meters), and when searching for it, these tombs were discovered. 

These tombs consist of three levels dug inside the rock, and the first level was reached and then to the second level after lowering the groundwater level, but the third level has not been reached so far due to the presence of artifacts submerged under the groundwater.

The tombs of Kom el Shoqafa
The tombs of Kom el Shoqafa

Roman Theater

It is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria and dates back to the Roman era and is located in the Kom El-Dikka area in Alexandria.

 

The theater was discovered by chance when the tomb of “Alexander the Great” was being searched, and it was excavated during a period of (30 years). From the bottom to the top, to arrange the seating process in the theater, which included about 600 people, and was used to listen to some types of music, and this was confirmed due to the presence of the area for the orchestra in addition to the presence of a large dome.

Roman Theater
Roman Theater

The Black Head Temple

was discovered in 1936 AD in a dire state, and it dates back to the Greco-Roman era in the second century AD, which was built by the Roman knight “Eridor” to worship the goddess Isis because she caused his recovery from the disease.

 

The Black Cape Temple was named by this name; According to the area in which it was discovered, which is the Ras al-Aswad area, which is located on the agricultural road to the Montazah area, and recently it was moved to the area adjacent to the waterfalls gardens on Al-Hurriya Road, next to the Latin Church because it was drowned and damaged by groundwater.

 

The sunken cities of Abu Qir

These cities are among the most beautiful places of tourism in Egypt, where you can participate in a group diving trip organized by one of the approved diving centers in the city at Abu Qir Beach to see the ruins of the underwater cities of Herakleion and Canopus.

which date back to the time of the Ptolemaic kings and the Greco-Roman era in the city. , with some relics dating back to the ancient Pharaonic era, such as the remains of the Temple of Isis, according to the immortal legend of Isis and Osiris, and Cleopatra’s Palace.

The sunken cities of Abu Qir
The sunken cities of Abu Qir

Alexandria National Museum

The Alexandria National Museum was built in the Italian style according to a wealthy man in Alexandria who owned it in the beginning, then that man sold his palace to the American Embassy in 1954, and then the Supreme Council of Antiquities of the Egyptian Ministry of Culture bought it in 1996 and began to restore it and turn it into Alexandria National Museum and its opening in 2003.

 

The Alexandria National Museum includes a large collection of artifacts, which may number up to 1,800 artifacts from all ancient and modern times. 

These artifacts were brought from many museums spread throughout Egypt, such as the Coptic Museum in Cairo, the Islamic Museum, the Greek and Roman Museum, and others. Museums are antiquities collected to represent the Egyptian civilization. visit us here pets-home.net

Alexandria National Museum
Alexandria National Museum

The Alexandria National Museum is unique in the presence of a group of sunken antiquities that were recovered, such as the statue of “Isis” made of black granite and a head belonging to the statue of “Alexander the Great.” It includes large numbers of currencies of different eras such as the Islamic era and the Byzantine era, some of which were found under the waters of the “Abu Qir” Gulf, and contains some jewelry and gold collectibles belonging to the family of King “Mohammed Ali”, and many other antiquities that will impress you when tourism in Alexandria.

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