Assiut is the largest city in Upper Egypt. It is the capital of Assiut Governorate and hosts the first regional university (Assiut University), and a branch of Al-Azhar with its various scientific and religious faculties. Between it and Cairo 375 km on the Upper Free Road. It is the beginning of the fortieth path. And it has the highest population density of Copts in the Republic

The origin of the name and the date It was called “Sut”, derived from the word “Sawt”, which means “guardian” in the hieroglyphic language, meaning the guard of the borders of Upper Egypt, when it joined Thebes, the country’s capital, in its struggle against the invading Hyksos, thus forming the oldest empire known in history. 

From there, its name entered the Coptic language “Assiut”. Sut was the most important cult center for Powat, known as the conqueror of the road, who was depicted in the form of a wolf. 

Osiris was also worshiped in the form of a wolf, so the Ptolemies called it “Likopoulos” (Greek: Λυκόπολις), meaning “the city of the wolf” during their rule of Egypt, which is the same name that The Romans called it later, as it was an important military base at the time. Diodorus the Sicilian transmitted a legend that says

that an army from Ethiopia was deterred from Asyut and chased by wolves as far as Elephantine Island It gained its importance in ancient Egypt because of its middle location between the provinces of Pharaonic Egypt and for being a major center for trade caravans heading to the oases in the Western Desert and the beginning of the Arbaeen trail that reaches Sudan   

In the era of the pharaohs, Asyut was the base of the thirteenth region, and it was inhabited by the Viceroy. 

In the era of the Greeks, Egypt was divided into the Delta, Middle Egypt, and Upper Egypt. Asyut was the capital of Upper Egypt, as it was the capital of the northern section in the era of the Romans, and in the era of Muhammad Ali divided Egypt to seven states, one of which includes Gerga and Assiut, and was named “Half of the First Tribal Face” and its capital is Assiut A large pharaonic tomb was discovered west of Assiut, and its excavations have unearthed important antiquities.

Location and climate

Its climate is continental, cold in winter and very hot in summer. It is bordered in the north by the Minya Governorate.



There are 38 tourist attractions in the governorate, pharaonic, Coptic, Islamic and modern, including the area of ​​Mir antiquities, the Hammamia antiquities area, the Muharraq Monastery in Qusiya, the Monastery of the Virgin Lady Badranka, the Farghal Mosque in Abu Tij, the Al-Azhar Religious Institute in Assiut, the Umayyad Mosque, the Mujahideen Mosque, in the city of Assiut and Assiut Barrages and a reserve Asiouti Valley.

Assiut Dam
Assiut Dam

Economy and Agriculture

A painting of the countryside of AssiutThe cultivated area is 232 thousand feddans, and it is famous for the production of cotton, wheat, maize, sorghum, citrus, pomegranate, mango, grapes and bananas. In addition to the area planted with sesame and peanuts, for which the village of Bani Muhammadiyah is famous, especially the pomegranate aqb in Badari, Manfalut.



Assiut is famous for the manufacture of floor coverings, furnishings and furniture since ancient times, but now it has a number of major and advanced industries such as cement, fertilizers, petroleum refining, medicines, cotton ginning and spinning, and food.



Assiut city is the first commercial and economic city in Upper Egypt, where the city of Assiut has branches of most Egyptian and foreign banks operating in Egypt. In addition, there are many offices and exchange centers and money and currency exchange centers and because of that the role of money transfer companies has grown in the city, and there are branches in the city of a group of restaurant chains Cosmopolitan, plenty of restaurants, cafeterias and clubs. In addition to 

Commercial Agencies in Assiut City:- 

It is located on Mohamed Mahmoud Pasha Street (formerly Al-Qaysariyya), and it contains Al-Ankshary Street, whose name dates back to the era of the Ottoman rule of the country. In a beautiful spot in the city of Assiut, there are historical Islamic mosques such as the Mosque of Sidi Jalal Al-Din Al-Suyuti, the Mujahideen Mosque, commercial agencies, etc. It is an old commercial area dating back to the Ottoman era. It has shops for haberdashery, copper crafts, and various handicrafts. It is very similar to the area of ​​Khan Al-Khalili, Al-Azhar 

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