Aswan 

Aswan 

Aswan is one of the Nubian cities in Egypt, and was considered in the past as its southern gate. Aswan is located on the eastern bank of the Nile River at the first waterfall, and its population is approximately 1,480,284 people, according to statistics in 2016. Aswan is one of the oldest cities in Egypt, and it has many Antiquities and ancient cultural landmarks, which made it a distinguished tourist city.

The Sofitel Legend Old Cataract Hotel in Aswan, Egypt
The Sofitel Legend Old Cataract Hotel in Aswan, Egypt

Aswan is one of the most important Egyptian cities at all, that quiet city in southern Egypt, which has great importance on more than one scale, as it is one of the most important cities of Nubia and the cities of southern Egypt at all.

and Aswan is one of the most important archaeological and historical cities that have many It is one of the very important archaeological sites and places that make it an unparalleled tourist attraction, and the city of Aswan is famous for being a great winter destination for people to spend holidays in the winter, because the weather in it is mild and warm.

Abu Simbel Tour From Aswan
Abu Simbel Tour From Aswan

It is also not famous at the level of the Egyptian people only, but we find that the city of Aswan is famous at the international level as well, and it is visited by tourists from all parts of the world, and many of them visit it more than once every year, because it is unique and unparalleled at all. 

The people of Aswan are characterized by kindness, generosity and simplicity, which makes them receive all visitors with great hospitality, love and welcome, which leaves a beautiful impact on the soul of everyone who visits this charming city and wants to return to visit it again and again. repeatedly.

Kiosk of Trajan
Kiosk of Trajan

The composition of the population of the city of Aswan

 

The population in the city of Aswan is very distinguished and they have many good qualities, which indicate the noble origin of these inhabitants. The population in the city of Aswan is divided into three types. 

The first is the Nubians, who constitute one third of the city’s population, and they are the original inhabitants of the city of Aswan. The Nubians are divided into The Tribes of Treasures and Fadijat. 

They also speak the Nubian language, along with the Arabic language as well. The second are the Arab tribes, which entered and settled the city of Aswan with the Islamic conquest of Egypt, such as the Jaafara tribe, Bani Hilal and others, and they speak Arabic.

 

al nuba
al nuba

 

Aswan city history

 

The importance of the city of Aswan appeared during the era of the Old Kingdom, as it was the southern border point of Egypt at the time, and it enjoyed a decisive role in the history of Egypt in the fight against the Hyksos, and many temples were erected in it; As the temples of Philae.

which is considered the home of the god (Isis), and many other temples, which were turned into churches in the time of Christianity in Egypt, during the fifth century AD, which facilitated the spread of the Christian religion in Nubia, whether in Egypt or Sudan, and upon the advent of Islam developed Aswan specifically in the tenth century AD, where it was a corridor for caravans and travelers.

to the coastal region of Aydab on the Red Sea, before it began its sea voyage to the other side of the Red Sea, where the countries of the Hijaz, Yemen, and India, as schools and centers of science and culture spread. It is noteworthy that the first military school was established in Egypt in 1837 AD in the city of Aswan, by Muhammad Ali.

Nubia — Where to Find the Colorful Nubian Village
Nubia — Where to Find the Colorful Nubian Village

The most important tourist attractions

 

Elephantine Island 

Aswan
Aswan

Elephantine Island is located opposite the city of Aswan, and it served as an impenetrable fortress on the southern border, and its deity was the god (Khnum), so the temple of Khnum is its most famous landmark, in addition to the tomb of the Holy Ram, the gate of King Amenhotep II.

the Trinity of Satat and Anat, and the scale of the Nile that dates back Its history goes back to the Roman era, when the scales of the Nile flood appear on it, in the democratic Greek and Arabic languages. The island was known in the past as (Abu), meaning Sin El Fil, until its name was changed in the Greek era to Elephantine.

 

Tombs of the Nobles

Tomb of Sarenput II, Tombs of the Nobles, Aswan
Tomb of Sarenput II, Tombs of the Nobles, Aswan

Tombs of the Nobles are rocky tombs of the rulers of the city of Aswan, their origins go back to ancient times, the most prominent of these tombs are: Mikho’s tomb and Sabni’s tomb, and on each tomb is written the title of the ruler or noble buried in it, and the type of mission he assumed, in addition to his role in protecting Egypt , and his travels within the continent of Africa.

 

The Monastery of Anba Simeon 

The Monastery of Anba Simeon is one of the authentic Coptic monasteries in Egypt. It has a church that represents images of Christ, in addition to a number of saints in the Christian religion. The history of the monastery dates back to the sixth century AD.

 

the incomplete Obelisk

the incomplete Obelisk
the incomplete Obelisk

 

the incomplete Obelisk is about forty-one meters long, and the length of its base is about four meters, while it weighs one hundred and seventeen tons, and it is a huge obelisk. used in carving.

Other attractions in Aswan

 

Agilika Island:

It has a temple and the effects of Philae, where it was moved from its original location on the island of Philae.

Amoun Island:

 It is a small island that was invested to set up a tourist hotel.

 

The most important thing that distinguishes the city of Aswan from other cities

The most important thing that distinguishes the city of Aswan from other tourist cities is not one thing, but a set of reasons. The first of these reasons is its ability to harmonize, whether in its restaurants overlooking the Nile, because it is known that it overlooks the eastern part of the Nile. Which makes it distinctive in that all the hotels and restaurants overlook the Nile River, and the sun in the morning gives the surrounding views that surround you and provides you with a wonderful atmosphere. 

The other reason that this city is distinguished is its ability to stand out in that there is no neglect of the monuments in which it is located, but to find that there is great appreciation, respect and pride for everything that exists in that country. 

Tourism is also promoted in a polite manner, which makes tourists deal with the matter with love and great energy. The trip that anyone takes in the city of Aswan cannot be compared with any other trip in Egypt.

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