Cairo

Cairo

Cairo is a charming city whose streets and walls tell the history of the people of Egypt and their ancient civilization that influenced humanity throughout the ages. The Pharaonic On or Heliopolis (currently Ain Shams), which is one of the oldest cities in the ancient world, and the Cairo region also includes the “Babylonian Fort” as it is one of the ancient Roman ruins. from the oppression of the Romans.

cairo
cairo

Cairo is a charming city whose streets and walls tell the history of the people of Egypt and their ancient civilization that influenced humanity throughout the ages. The Pharaonic On or Heliopolis (currently Ain Shams), which is one of the oldest cities in the ancient world, and the Cairo region also includes the “Babylonian Fort” as it is one of the ancient Roman ruins. from the oppression of the Romans.

 

From the Fatimid era to the Ayyubid and Mamluk era.. Cairo witnessed the finest Islamic architecture, which was represented in the construction of castles, forts, walls and schools such as Salah El-Din Castle, Sultan Barquq School, Al-Ashraf Qaitbay School, Khan Al-Khalili, Al-Rifai Mosque, Al-Hussein Mosque and others. 

 

All this ancient history of Cairo came as a result of what it enjoyed From a distinguished strategic location, which qualified it to be the political capital of Egypt throughout the ages, in addition to being the cultural, artistic, scientific and historical capital of the Arab and Islamic world. and Cairo Al-Muizz.

 

Why was it called by that name?

old cairo
old cairo

The leader, Jawhar al-Siqilli, began building the new capital of the Fatimid state by order of the Fatimid Caliph al-Muizz Lidin Allah al-Fatimi in 969 AD and named it al-Mansuriya. The name is blessed with the omnipotent planet known as Mars which is the most common saying among historians.

 

National Day of the Governorate

 

Cairo celebrates its national day on the sixth of July, the day that coincides with the day the leader Jawhar al-Siqilli laid the foundation stone for the city of Cairo in 969 AD.

Al Azhar Park, Cairo
Al Azhar Park

the site

 

 Governorate is located on the eastern bank of the Nile River and is bordered on the north by Qalyubia governorate, on the eastern and southern sides by the desert back, and on the western side by the Nile River and Giza Governorate. 

There is also what is known as the Greater Cairo Region, which is an administrative entity that includes, in addition to the city of Cairo, the city of Giza and some of its suburbs, and the city of Shubra el-Kheima in the Qalyubia governorate.

the site

cairo tower
cairo tower

the Governorate is located on the eastern bank of the Nile River and is bordered on the north by Qalyubia governorate, on the eastern and southern sides by the desert back, and on the western side by the Nile River and Giza Governorate. There is also what is known as the Greater Cairo Region, which is an administrative entity that includes, in addition to the city of Cairo, the city of Giza and some of its suburbs, and the city of Shubra el-Kheima in the Qalyubia governorate.

 

Administrative division of the province:

 

Governorate consists of (4) districts with a total of (38) neighborhoods, (41) police stations

 

The northern region includes (8) neighborhoods.

The eastern region includes (9) neighborhoods.

The western region includes (9) neighborhoods.

The southern region includes (12) neighborhoods.

it also includes 3 new cities (New Cairo, El Shorouk, Badr City) and it is served by 5 conditional departments

The new administrative capital of Egypt is also being built

hotels in cairo
hotels in cairo

 

Space:

 

The total area of Cairo Governorate is 3,084,676 km2. The inhabited area is (188,982 km2).

 

population:

 

The estimated population of the Cairo Governorate is (1/7/2019: 9.840591) million.

 

General Diwan of Cairo Governorate “A Distinguished Architectural Style”

 

The headquarters of the General Court of Cairo Governorate is part of Abdeen Palace, which is one of the most famous presidential palaces that were built during the rule of the Muhammad Ali family. 

 

Khedive Ismail had ordered the construction of Abdin Palace immediately after he took over the rule of Egypt in 1863 AD and wanted to build the palace transferring the governor’s headquarters from the castle that It has remained the seat of government in Egypt since it was built by “Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi” in the year 1171 AD to the center of his rule, and it took ten years to build the palace.

 

The palace was known as “Abdin Palace” in reference to the emir of the royal brigade “Abdin Bey” during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha. The one who used to live in a small palace on the same site as Al-Qasr Al-Hal, and the construction of Abdeen Palace came within the plan of Khedive Ismail to build modern Cairo similar to European cities. 

 

The era of Muhammad Ali Pasha and he owned a small palace in the place of the current palace, so Ismail bought it from his widow and demolished it and annexed large lands to it, bringing the total area of ​​the palace to 24 acres. 

 

In front of the palace site, he established the present Abdeen Square, which has an area of ​​nearly 9 acres, and next to it he built the Guards’ Qashlaqat (currently Cairo Governorate).

 

Abdin Palace
Abdin Palace

This palace was built by the architect “De Corel del Rosso” and a number of Egyptian, Italian, French and Turkish workers and technicians. The construction took about 10 years, and its cost was estimated at approximately 100,000 gold pounds, and the furniture cost about 2 million pounds. Abdeen Palace remained the seat of government and a symbol of power from 1872 AD until 1952 AD. 

He witnessed the most important influential events in the modern history of Egypt, including the Urabi revolution and the gathering of the Egyptian army in Abdeen Square in front of the palace in 1882 AD.

 

You might also like
Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.