Isis is the goddess of the moon for the ancient Egyptians. It was symbolized by a woman on the brow of the forehead of the moon disk, worshiped by the ancient Egyptians, Ptolemies and Romans.
She is one of the members of the ninth “Ain Shams”. She is the daughter of Geb (Lord of the Earth) and Nut (Goddess of Heaven); She is the sister of Osiris, Set and Nephthys, the wife of her brother Osiris, and the mother of the god Hur.
She had her temples in several Roman countries, where she was considered the mother of nature and the origin of time. Isis was famous for the myth of Osiris her husband, and she was depicted in statues while she was carrying her son Horus, and above her head were two horns between them the moon disk, and this image was inspired by Christians in statues and images of the Virgin Mary carrying her son Christ. Above her head is a halo of light.
The Egyptians had the holy mother, wife and sister of Osiris, who participated in ruling Egypt, and when he was killed, his remains, which had been buried in various parts of Egypt, were collected and revived thanks to her magical powers.
She gave birth to her son, Horus, and helped him regain the throne. The ancient Egyptians revered Isis, and considered her the protector goddess throughout ancient Egypt.
The Egyptians used to worship her based on love and devotion, so they depicted images of jewels for her, because in their belief the mother of God. Her clean-shaven priests would sing her songs and praise her in the evening and early morning.
what is the meaning of Isis
Its name means (the throne), that is: (the throne seat) as he saw its “oil”, while “Oseng” went to another opinion that the name is derived from the word (WAst) meaning (scepter), that is: (that dominates power). .
Isis is usually depicted in the form of a woman with a two-tiered throne on her head, a symbol that embodies the name of the deity itself, meaning (the abode). She is also depicted in the form of a female whose head is above the disk of the sun and the horn of the cow.
It was also depicted in other images as a kite, in the form of a snake or in the form of a cow, during the later ages.
Isis as sister and wife of the god Osiris
According to the theology of Ain Shams and its doctrine, both “Osiris” and “Isis” are the sons of the gods of earth and heaven, “Geb” and “Nut”. Eze played an important role in the legend of Osiris as his wife and protector, in the story of the struggle and the legendary rule of the land.
She mourned the death of her husband and brother, Osiris, and wept bitterly over him. Isis, accompanied by her sister, Nephthys, searched for the body of her husband, Osiris. After she found him, she bore him their son, Hur, the legal heir to his father’s legacy in power. This role of Isis in the myth is considered the primary role on which most of the other roles of the goddess are based.
“Isis” as the mother protector of the god “Hor”
A number of stories and novels have been written about how “Isis” escaped and hid in the Delta in the city of “Khamenes”, where she gave birth to her son “Hoor” away from the hand of his uncle and killed his father, “Set”. The Egyptians erected hundreds and thousands of statues that commemorate this number, depicting “Isis” sucking “Hore” from her breast.
Despite the many risks that Isis faced in caring for and raising her son “Hoor” in the delta jungles after his birth, she succeeded in preserving and raising him, which reflected the importance of the role of “Isis” as the mother goddess of “Hore”. Isis continued to take care of Hur until he grew up and was strong enough to avenge his father, and obtain his rights to his inheritance, and the lost throne of his father.
Isis as the mother of the king
Iza personified the royal mother as the wife of Osiris, and the mother of Horus. The Al-Ahram Texts mentioned that the king was breastfed by Isis.
The relationship between the figurative sign to write the name of the deity and (the throne, the throne) also placed the goddess in a relationship with the king as the embodiment of the power of the throne.
Isis, goddess of magic
Isis was known by the nickname Wert Hakaw, meaning: (great magic). Magic has entered into many roles associated with Isis, especially the revival of “Osiris”, and the pregnancy of Horus. She was also associated with magic in helping the dead in the afterlife. The magic of “Isis” has been invoked through many recitations and incantations that help in protection and healing. Most of the legends about the goddess focus on her magical ability, through which she knew the true (and hidden) name of the god “Ra”.
“ISIS Support and Protector for the Deceased”
Isis and Nephthys embodied the oldest image of female mourners in Egyptian literature and art. The Lords have been likened to the kite, or the mourning women. Isis – in the image of a kite – searched for her husband, Osiris, and cried over his death.
On the other hand, the two goddesses were known as protectors of the deceased in the afterlife. Isis has acquired the role of protection by protecting her husband, Osiris; He is usually depicted with Nephthys surrounding Osiris or the “deceased” with their wings to protect him. The “Al-Ahram Texts” also mentioned that she protected the deceased, as she did with her son, “Hoor”. Isis has become the most famous protector in later ages.
“Isis” or “Ace” was known as the goddess of the sky, and she bore the title (Lady of Heaven) since the Middle Kingdom, the goddess of motherhood and the goddess of magic as well, and the goddess of protector of the living and the dead, perhaps based on her role in protecting her husband, “Osiris” in the myth, and helping him to re-resurrect again. Which is what every deceased has come to hope for by being called (Osiris: So-and-so).
In view of her important role in protecting “Osiris” and her son “Hor”, she was known as one of the most important protective goddesses, and as one of the four goddesses of protection. Because of her connection and importance as a protective goddess, she excelled in the use of cunning and magic, and was dubbed (the witch) for good.
In the Book of the Dead, Isis is described by the following names:
- Who gave birth to heaven and earth,
- who knows the orphan,
- Widowed Scorpio,
- victorious for the poor,
- shelter for the weak
Some of Isis’s many other titles were:
- sky queen,
- mother of god,
- one all,
- green crop lady,
- sparkling in the sky,
- star of the sea,
- grand lady of magic,
- lady life house,
- Knowing the secrets of hearts,
- heaven’s light,
- lady power words,
- Moonlighting over the sea.
Relationship with other deities
Over time, Isis entered into relationships and merged with other goddesses, notably Astarte, Bastet, Nut and Rennoutt. It was the most interaction and integration of her with the goddess “Hathor”, which took many of her qualities and characteristics of formal and functional.
Its worship appeared since ancient times, and it was known since the ancient state as one of the members of the ninth “Heliopolis”, although no firm evidence of it was found before the era of the Fifth Dynasty.
Despite its fame and the breadth of its creed throughout various ages, luck did not help us know its original homeland, or in which city its creed originated, although there is a possibility that its original home was in the twelfth region of Lower Egypt, in a place known as “Isium”, in reference to “Isis”. References to it abound in the “Al-Ahram Texts”, where the number of times it is mentioned approximately eighty times, most of which are associated with the assistance of the deceased king.
Its worship flourished in the following ages and expanded, especially through its role in protection and support, as this role extended to individuals and the general public. Her worship expanded to rival “Osiris” himself, and became worshipped by all Egyptians.
Worship of Isis in the Levant
Its influence and worship extended amazingly through different ages, thus extending beyond the Egyptian borders. He found a temple for her in the city of “Byblos” in the Levant.
She settled there with the local goddess in the form of “Astarte” from a relatively early age. It is uncertain whether the reason for her worship to reach there was related to one of the accounts of the legend of “Osiris”, which talks about that the ark of “Osiris” was anchored under a tree on the shores of “Byblos”, and that the goddess “Isa” went there in search of him, and from In order to restore it, or there are other reasons.
Temples of Isis in Roman Europe
Isis was the Egyptian goddess, the sad mother, the loving consolation, and the bearer of the gift of immortal life. This goddess was more honoured than Cybele; And all the peoples of the Mediterranean knew how her great husband had died, and how afterwards he had risen from the dead; This happy resurrection was celebrated in every big city located on the shores of this historic sea, the most splendid and most luxurious celebration; And his cheerful servants cried, “We have found Osiris again.”
And they symbolised Isis with images and statues carrying Horus, her divine son, in her arms, and they called her “Queen of Heaven”, “star of the sea”, and “Mother of God” in the bowls.
These rituals were the closest of pagan worship to Christianity, because the story of the goddess included tenderness and tenderness in her rituals, and the cheerful atmosphere free of violence prevailed in her temples, and the influential musical melodies included in her evening prayers, and the work of her priests Shaved heads and white robes are acts of righteousness and goodness, and the opportunities this goddess used to offer these priests to comfort women and bring joy to their hearts, and for her comprehensive welcome to all people of different nations and classes.
The religion of Isis spread from Egypt to Greece in the fourth century BC, then spread to Sicily in the third century, to Italy in the second century, and then spread to all parts of the empire. Her holy images were found on the banks of the Danube and Seine rivers, and the remains of a temple to her were discovered in London.
“Isa” (Isis) is one of the most famous Egyptian deities, and the most widespread inside and outside the borders of Egypt, as evidence of her worship was found in Greece, Italy, and Western Europe. It represents one of the members of the general trinity (Osiris, Eze, Hur). This goddess represents a symbol of goodness, giving and motherhood, and was considered one of the most influential goddesses in Egyptian beliefs until the end of the Roman era.
Her worship extended as one of the eastern mythological beliefs in Greece, and her worship spread there, where a temple was dedicated to her in “Athena”. And spread her worship after that in various parts of the Roman Empire, and in “Rome” itself.
Temple of Isis on Philae Island
Her worship continued on the island of Philae in Aswan until the sixth century AD, much after the end of the Egyptian and Roman eras, which is evidence of the extent of its importance and presence.
The temples of Philae were originally built to worship the goddess Isis.
In all centuries, elephants gained a special place in cults to the extent that a crowd of followers of that cult used to gather to commemorate the story of the death and resurrection of Osiris.
The Great Temple was built during the 3rd century BC, followed by the temples of Amenhotep and Aristophis. As for the Temple of Hathor, it is the last Ptolemaic monument that was completed before 116 BC by Euergetes II. Other Ptolemies added inscriptions to his elephant, which is considered one of the masterpieces of the temple. From Egypt, the worship of the goddess Isis extended to Greece, Rome and throughout the empire.
Even when Roman rule was implemented in Egypt, the rulers tried to beautify the holy island. Emperor Augustus built a temple at the northern end of Elephant in the ninth century BC. As for Tiberius and others, they added monuments and inscriptions. Claudius, Trajan, Hadrian, and Diocletian built new buildings on the island, and work continued until the fourth century AD.
The intensity of the control of the cult of Isis on the island of Philae led to the extension of that cult over many centuries in defiance of the decree of Emperor Theodosius issued in 391 AD, which imposed the Christian religion on all parts of the Roman Empire. In 550 AD, under the rule of Justinian, Christianity reached the island of Philae and a new page began in its history.
A new Christian community formed on the island of Philae, and the pillared hall was transformed to be suitable for practising the new religion. Stones were removed from some ruins to build Christian churches on the island, and a new village grew around the Temple of Isis. you can visit us here pets-home.net
do you know other information about Goddess isis ?
who was Isis ?