King Chephren statue
King Chephren statue,At Giza, in the valley temple of king Chepren, the workmen of Mariette had discovered this masterpiece of art in 1860, which was made out of diorite, the strongest stone.
King Chepren was one of the kings who reigned during the 4th dynasty, Old Kingdom, approximately 2600 B.C. He is the builder of the 2nd pyramid, at Giza plateau, and the son of King Cheops, the builder of the great pyramid at the same plateau. for more
Chephren possesses perfection of modeling and polishing, reaching an ideal representation of the Old kingdom royalty. In front of us we can see the king Chephren represented in a seated position on a beautiful carved throne, wearing the royal headdress, which is called in the Ancient Egyptian language Nemes.
King Chephren statue
On his forehead there is a representation of Uraeus for protection. His face features are very well represented with the beautiful eyes and eye bones, smooth nose, and very well carved mouth, with exposed ears as a sign to hear what goes around him. There is a false beard that is attached to the statue, as a sign of royalty dignity.
The king is represented with beautiful chest, arms, and legs muscles; it shows the sculpture’s knowledge of anatomy reaching idealism. One of the king’s arms clasps a handkerchief showing the right arm’s muscles.
The king is represented wearing a short pleated kilt known as Shendiyt, which is also a sign of royalty. Both left arm and leg are partly damaged. The throne is supported by two lions on each side for power and protection. On the sides of the throne is smA tAwy which is the symbol of the unification of the two lands.
It consists of two hieroglyphic signs:
1- smA = Union
2- tAwy = 2 lands of Upper (Lotus) and Lower (Papyri) Egypt
During Old kingdom times there was correlation between the god and the king. At the back of the statue a falcon God called Horus was represented attached to the statue’s head over the throne back pillar. It was thought that the king represents god Horus on earth, as he is the god of the living. The king’s feet are flanked by his cartouches, which is read as xa.f ra (He appears like Ra), which the Greek had a problem pronouncing it that’s why it was changed later on to be Chephren
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