king neferirkare

king neferirkare (2446-2426) was the second son of Khentkaus the first who ruled Egypt, As with his brother Sahure, it is not certain whether Userkaf was his father, King Neferirkare is married to his mother’s name, Khentkaus II, It is not excluded that Khentkaus II was also related to Khentkaus I,It is believed that at least two children were born from this marriage: Neferefre and Niuserre, Other wives and children are unknown Tour in Egypt  .

King Neferirkare
King Neferirkare

King Neferirkare

Unfortunately, the length of his reign was lost in the Turin King List and the Palermo Stone breaks after scoring the fifth count, which, if the count took place every two years, means that King Neferirkare has ruled at least 10 years, According to Manetho, his rule lasted 20 years, a figure that appears to be generally accepted.

King Neferirkare was the first king to make his birth name part of the official title, thus adding a second cartridge, He also completed (or modified) the solar temple built by Userkaf in Abu Sir, His solar temple, called Set-ib-Re, has yet to be located.

He was also the second king to erect his funerary monument in Abu Sir, The seals and papyri unearthed in his mortuary temple give some insights into the functioning of this temple, The documents date to the end of the Sixth Dynasty, indicating that the cult of the deceased King Neferirkare continued at least until the end of the Old Kingdom.

Part of the administrative documents found at Neferirkare’s funerary monument in Abusir.
Part of the administrative documents found at Neferirkare’s funerary monument in Abusir.

Pyramid Complex of King Neferirkare

Following the example of his brother Sahure,King Neferirkare built his funerary monument in Abu Sir, some distance southwest of Sahure, This made him the second king to use Abu Sir as a funeral site.

The mortuary complex consists of a pyramid and a funerary temple. The bridge and the Valley Temple was left incomplete when King Neferirkare died and was completed by his son, Niuserre.

There is no evidence of the existence of the queen’s pyramid and although the smaller pyramid to the south of the main pyramid was probably originally intended as a satellite pyramid, it was used to bury Queen Khentkus II, wife of Neferirkare

King’s pyramid

Although Neferirkare had already advanced in years when he succeeded Sahure, he set out to build a pyramid larger than his brother’s. Its base is 105 square meters, and if it were completed as a real pyramid, it would have risen to a height of about 72 meters.

For unknown reasons, Neferirkare planned a funerary monument as a stepped pyramid, rather than the true pyramid shape that was the standard of his time, It rose in 6 degrees of limestone.

neneferkare complex
neneferkare complex

The Neferirkare’s  Pyramid was originally planned as a step pyramid, a type of pyramid that had not been in use since the beginning of the Fourth Dynasty, more than a century ago.

However, at some point it was decided to convert this monument into a true pyramid, as suggested by the filling material found on the south and west sides of this monument, The transformation into a real pyramid was not complete, as only the first courses of granite blocks were laid.

Neferirkare Pyramide at abusir
Neferirkare Pyramide at abusir

The internal structure of this pyramid is slightly less simple than that of Sahure. The entrance is located in its traditional place: along the north face of the pyramid. From there the corridor descends to the first level, where the corridor continues horizontally towards an antechamber, The ceiling of the antechamber was cast by heavy limestone beams, A door in the western wall leads to the burial chamber, whose roof is made of three heavy limestone beams.

mortuary of temple Neferirkare

The mortuary temple of Nverkerkar appears to have been completed in a hurry, The inner temple is built in stone, but the courtyard and entrance are finished in simple adobe, with wooden pillars in the form of bundles of lotus flowers, Only the foundation of the bridge and the valley temple, which Neusser later completed, was laid.

Pyramid of Neferirkare
Pyramid of Neferirkare

Drawings were found on a block of the second pyramid of Khentkus indicating that work on the pyramid that would eventually take it was paused in the tenth year of an unnamed king, It is not excluded that this pyramid was originally intended to be a pyramid of the Neferirkare complex and that it was left incomplete upon the death of the king, to be converted into a funeral monument for his queen at a later time.

A huge archive of texts, the AbuSir Papyrus, was found in this temple,It reveals a complex management that led from within this temple and was mainly occupied by the flow of offerings towards the various temples of the Memphite necropolis

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