Saqqara discoveries,The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced the discovery of a deep well through the excavations of the Egyptian archaeological mission working in the Saqqara archaeological area, containing more than 13 human coffins that were closed more than 2500 years ago.
The Saqqara cemetery is one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt. There are tombs whose walls are covered with inscriptions of great beauty and magnificence. There are also pyramids, temples, and burials of the Serapeum. Its name is derived from the god of the cemetery “Sukar”.
Saqqara cemetery is also the only cemetery in Egypt that includes tombs from the beginning of Egyptian history to its end. It also includes many monuments from the Greek and Roman eras. Saqqara was classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1979.
Saqqara is a very important part of the necropolis of Memphis, about 40 km from Cairo. Saqqara often took its name from the deity “Sukar”, the idol of the cemetery.
Saqqara is truly an open museum, as Saqqara contains most of the traces of ancient Egyptian history. From the inscription of his burial chamber with the texts of the pyramids, which were intended to protect the king during his journey in the other world. In addition to the royal tombs of the Old Kingdom, Saqqara contained an enormous group of tombs of senior individuals from that period, which were decorated with amazing scenes and inscriptions.
It also included tombs dating back to the First Intermediate Period (2181-2055 BC) and the tombs of individuals belonging to the Middle Kingdom (2055-1650 BC), as well as the tombs of the New Kingdom (1550-1069 BC). The tombs of the New Kingdom represent a completely different architectural style than the Theban tombs.
Among those tombs, we see the tomb of King Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) when he was an army commander, and it seems that he was not buried there because after ascending the throne he carved a tomb for himself in the Valley of the Kings.
One of the most important features of Saqqara is the tomb of the sacred calf Apis, called the Serapeum, which continued to be used from the eighteenth dynasty until the Ptolemaic era, where the Apis calf was considered a representation of the Lord Pentah himself, one of the most important deities of the region of Memphis. When the calf died, it was buried in a solemn ceremony until its successor was found.
In addition, Saqqara includes Coptic antiquities, where we find the monastery of Anba Jeremiah in the southeast of the hierarchical group of King Djoser, which remained in service until the tenth century AD. We cannot neglect the talk about the Imhotep Museum, which contains wonderful antiquities from different eras that were discovered in Saqqara.
The most important monuments of Saqqara can be referred to, according to the website of the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, by dividing the area into sectors:
– The northern sector: It includes a group of tombs, the most important of which is the tomb of “Kabar” (Sheikh of the country), the tomb of “Hussi Ra”, and the vaults excavated in the ground, which were intended to bury the ibis after embalming, as well as terraces after the kings of the first and second dynasties.
– The middle sector: It is the most important sector in the cemetery, where the funeral group of King “Zosser” is located inside the great wall, in the center of which is the stepped pyramid. Fifth
– Pyramid sector of Teti: It includes the pyramid of “Titi”, the first king of the Sixth Dynasty and the pyramids of his two wives, and a group of state tombs such as the cemetery of “Mara Roca”.
The Western Sector: It includes the serpium, which is dedicated to burying the sacred calf in the era of the twenty-sixth dynasty, and its use continued until the Ptolemaic period.
– onas pyramid sector: It includes the onas pyramid and its hierarchical group, and its importance is due to the presence of hieroglyphic writings on its walls that include religious incantations for the deceased known as “Maton al-Ahram”.
– The southern sector: It includes the pyramids of the kings of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, and pyramids of some queens, in addition to the cemetery of “Shepseskaf” which is known as the Mastaba of Pharaoh.
As for the price of entry tickets to Saqqara, the price of the ticket for the Egyptian is 20 pounds, the Egyptian student is 5 pounds, the foreigner’s ticket price is 180 pounds, and the foreign student is 90 pounds. – Tomb of Wisdom – Cemetery of Marruka – Serapeum, the ticket for a foreign visitor is 440 pounds, and for a foreign student is 220 pounds.
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