Sohag Governorate, one of the governorates of South Upper Egypt. The total area of Sohag Governorate is 11,022 km2 and extends for a length of 125 km and a width of 16-25 km. The inhabited area is about 1593.92 km2, or about 14.5% of the total area of the governorate. Its current governor, Major General Mahmoud Atiq, has been since August 13, 2013.
Sohag governorate, like the rest of Upper Egypt governorates, is characterized by a dry desert climate where the temperature is high in summer (day) and moderate in winter (at night).
The governorate celebrates its National Day on the tenth of April every year, which is the anniversary of the victory over the French campaign in the Battle of Juhayna in 1799 AD.
Its capital is the city of Sohag, and among its cities is the city of Gerga, which was famous for science and commerce, and among its cities is also the city of Juhayna, which is considered one of the most important historical stations in Egyptian history due to its people’s response to the French campaign and in support of Mayor Abdullah Bahader of the Urabi Revolution. Issuance of a decision by the Ministry of Local Government to convert it into a city.
It also has South Valley University. There is also the city of Tahta, the largest city in Sohag, a pioneer in the field of trade and woodworking, in which Rifa’a al-Tahtawi, the pioneer of education, was born, the city of Balina, where the famous Abydos temple is located, the city of Akhmim, which contains the statue of the beautiful Queen Merit Amon, the daughter of Ramses II, and the city of Tama
to which the Sheikh of Al-Azhar belongs. Muhammad Sayed Tantawi and the city of the facility where Sheikh Siddiq al-Minshawi was born and his sons Muhammad Siddiq al-Minshawi and Mahmoud Siddiq al-Minshawi, and the city of Dar al-Salaam where the former Minister of Culture Muhammad Abd al-Hamid Radwan was born.
The governorate consists of 12 centers, comprising 12 cities, 3 districts, 51 main villages, 270 affiliated villages, in addition to 1,445 farms, hamlets and hamlets.
The main centers, cities and villages in the governorate
Sohag Governorate is divided into three districts and 11 centers.
Al Kawthar District
The agricultural activity is the basis of the economic structure of the governorate. The cultivated area is 295,600 acres and the reclaimable area is 22,058 acres. It is famous for crops of wheat, onions, beans, cotton, reeds, sorghum and fine corn. The total reclaimable area is 17,011 acres.
Sugarcane is one of the most important agricultural crops in which it is grown, as it occupies the second place after Qena Governorate.
It also contributes to industrial activity through a number of food industries, spinning and weaving, and some crafts such as furniture, hand weaving, carpets and kilims. There are 4 industrial zones on the governorate’s land, namely: the industrial zone in Al-Kawthar district 600 acres, the industrial zone west of Tahta 911 acres, the industrial zone in Al-Ahayah east of 250 acres, the industrial zone in West Gerga 1086 acres.
The project of the Industrial Complex for Small Industries is also located on an area of 58 acres in Al Kawthar Industrial Area and consists of 720 production units.
Sohag governorate has huge quantities of clay ore, marble, calcite, limestone, essaw stone and sand.
Tourism and archaeological sites
Sohag governorate is characterized by the diversity of its tourist attractions, between the old and the new, and the most famous of these areas are:
There are tombs in Al-Jaab for some of the kings of the first and second dynasties.
Beit Khallaf There is one of the largest terraces of the state’s seniors during the reign of King Djoser.
Abydos is the main center of the cult of Osiris and the city of great sanctity throughout Egyptian history. It includes the Temple of Seti I, which is the only fully covered temple in Egypt
Haridi Mountain includes a group of rock tombs from the first two states, ancient and modern.
Wadi Bir Al Ain.
Al Kawthar Tourist Village.
The governorate includes 7 colleges, a scientific research center, 12 vocational training centers, and the number of pre-university schools is 1247 schools for general education, of which 917 schools are located in the rural sector, or 73.5%, 317 schools for Azhar education, 311 of which are located in the rural sector.
Sohag Governorate witnessed important historical events that started from prehistoric times and extended throughout the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman eras. Three ancient Egyptian regions were established on its land from the eighth to the tenth. In prehistoric times, man settled on its land, and the settlements of Umrah and Al-Mahasna testify to this. In the predynastic and early dynastic era, the city of Thana played a role in ancient Egyptian history. And from Barba, the center of Girga, the rulers who united the two countries of Egypt came out, the last of whom was King Mina.