The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres

The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres

The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres,Queen Hetepheres was the daughter of King Huni, last king of the 3rd dynasty from a major wife, and a half-sister and a principal wife of the first 4th dynasty pharaoh Snefru. She’s the mother of king khufu (cheops), the 2nd ruler during the 4th dynasty, and the owner of the Great Pyramid.

Her tomb was originally at Dahshur of her husband but after that; Her son king khufu moved it nearby his pyramid at Giza after the violation of some of her Treasures .Her tomb at Giza was discovered in 1925, by the staff photographer of the Harvard-Boston expedition. when the digs of the eastern side of the Great pyramid uncovered a deep shaft concealed by the entrance.for more

At the bottom of this shaft was a small chamber which was blocked with blocks when they removed these blocks they found her tomb. It contained a sealed sarcophagus, a mass of gilded wood in a very poor statue of preservation, and a number of metalwork items. All these funerary equipment had obviously been rapidly reburied.

These finds have been restored, but they are clear evidence for the Old kingdom royal funerary equipment. When the sarcophagus was opened it was found to be empty, maybe the queen’s mummy was destroyed when her tomb at Dahshur was robbed. 

The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres

The Room contains of:

1-The bed

2-Canopic chest

3-Sedan Chair (Palanquin)

4-Arm chair: made out wood and gold

5-Casket with bracelets

The Palanquin of Queen HetepHeres (Sedan Chair):

The Palanquin of Queen HetepHeres (Sedan Chair),The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres
The Palanquin of Queen HetepHeres (Sedan Chair),The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres


The Chair displays unique simplicity of form and workmanship. Unfortunately, the wood didn’t survive and it was restored. The two carrying poles terminate in elegant platform capitals. Over the edges and borders are strips of gold looking like a woven mat. Hieroglyphs of gold decorate horizontal and vertical ebony panels on the backrest.

The inscriptions are of three rows which have the name of the Queen with her titles as the mother of king of Upper and Lower Egypt, follower of Horus, one for whom everything as she says is done, the real daughter of the god, Hetepheres.

The well off people always preferred being transported on a sedan Chair, enjoying the ride with their knees close to their chest and a fan in their hands and a comfortable cushion below. This was known from scenes on some walls of the Saqqara mastaba tombs.  

The Bed of Queen Hetepheres,The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres
The Bed of Queen Hetepheres,The funereal furniture of Queen HetepHeres


The Bed 

The Bed of Queen Hetepheres is a typical example for the style of decoration and design of the royal bed in the Old Kingdom and reflects the cleverness of the ancient Egyptian in the imitation of nature in his designs. The wooden frame of the bed is covered with thick gold leaves made up of two long sidebars with terminals in the shape of stylized papyrus plants.

These sides are linked to one another by two wooden cross pieces. The bed rests on four gilded wooden supports in the form of lion’s legs, which are attached to the frame with leather straps. The mattress base is supported by two long wooden beams that are fixed to the external frame of the bed. At the foot of the bed is a wooden panel, which is attached to the bottom crosspiece by wooden tenons inserted into copper holders. 

the Canopic Chest of queen Hetepheres

This Canopic Chest is for the queen Hetepheres , wife of the Snefru , mother of the king Khufu and she is thought to be the daughter of Huni. It’s made out of alabaster. 

Origin of the word Canopic:

1-Canopy is the name of the western branch of the Nile which ends at Abu Qir where Osiris was worshipped in the form of a jar which had a connection with the fertility of the Nile.

2- There was a man called Canopus. He was a pilot in the Greek mythology and most probably he died in a war and maybe he was buried in Abu Qir. 

This man was also worshiped in the form of a Jar as the Jar could be anthropoid.

The jar represents a swollen body with small legs and small hands and the head on the top of the Jar, so Osiris and Canopus were both worshiped there in the form of jars. 

Canopus was the local form of Osiris. Later on when they discovered the viscera container jars they mistakenly called them the Canopic Jars.

 As if they were dedicated either for the cult of Osiris or Canopus. 

The canopic jars were four in number, each for the safekeeping of the organs: The Stomach, intestines, lungs, and liver, all of which were needed in the afterlife. There was no jar for the heart it was left inside the body.

The Development of the Jars:

 The shape of the lid changed several times, first it was in the form of slightly vaulted stoppers. 

Then the stoppers were in the form of the deceased himself (18th dynasty).

After that the stoppers were in the form of the four sons of Horus:

Imesty= Human headed

Hapi= Baboon

Dwamutef = Jackal

Kebh snw.f = Falcon

The first time they were mentioned was in the pyramid text as the responsible geniuses for constant supply of food and drink for the mummy. They were mentioned literally. Later on they appeared in a chest and they were also mentioned on it. The stoppers were not in the shape of the four sons of Horus until the 19th dynasty, before that they were mentioned as the protectors of the viscera.

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