The statues of the servants

The statues of the servants

The statues of the servants were always represented performing a certain action like grinding grain, slaughtering animals, washing jars, carrying sandals or pressing beer. They are lively and expressive, showing the crafts’ activities in a block to avoid weak points, allowing longer preservation.

As for the servants’ statues they show free movements without back pillars and attachments to support the body. These servant statues were found inside more than one tomb at Saqqara, they date back to the late 5 th dynasty. Some of these servants were represented either totally naked or wearing a kilt..for more

The statues of the servants

Most of the pieces have disproportions; some have the head bigger in size than in reality, as if they are trying to give attention to the head. Moreover, the facial features were sculptured in a clumsy form with hair wigs for the woman and natural hair for the men.

There is no rule for the colour; the dark and light colours were used for men and women alike. Servants comprised 80% of the Egyptian population; the majority worked in the fields producing crops while some of them worked as servants at homes of wealthy nobles.

The-statue-of-servants (1)
The statue of servants

The historical evidence suggests that commoners were employed during the flood season to erect the large buildings projects such as pyramid & temple construction. The presence of the servant statues in tombs occurred because the ancient Egyptians believed that they would come to life and serve them in the next life.

This female brewer is made out of painted limestone and Selim Hassan found it at Giza, tomb of Meresankh, in the year 1929-30. It dates back to the late 5th dynasty, approximately 2300 B.C.

The beer was made out of barely bread soaked in water till fermented; after being fermented it was squeezed through a sieve and then the liquid was placed in a pot, later transferred to smaller jars with narrow necks. There were different kinds of beer; for the rich and poor but the most common was the beer made out of barely bread that had date liquor added onto.

The statues of the servants
The statues of the servants


This female brewer wears a half-length skirt only and a roughly painted head collar around her neck. Her head is raised as if she is talking to someone. A working woman with dark colored skin, full detailed features and round nose proves she was not from the nobles. It seems that she is standing and resting her chest on the barrel.

The artist added a simple necklace around her neck to overcome the monotony of the color of the statue and a feminine touch. 

The bread was made in different ways; however, the most popular of all was by grinding the grain along the flour with water. Then the bread was baked in ovens, while sometimes natural yeast was raised.

The statute of the sandal bearer

The statue represents a young man standing nude without clothes carrying a sack on his back and holding the king’s sandals in one hand and nothing in the other hand waiting to help the king after the ceremonies.

Statue of a servant plucking a goose: 

The statue is made out of limestone and dates back to the fifth dynasty. It was found in a serdab beside the statue of his master, the tomb owner in his mastaba at Saqqara. The pose of the leg imposes the statue with a lively air.

Limestone statue of an Egyptian servant grinding flour. From modern-day Egypt. Old Kingdom, 6th Dynasty, 2250 BCE. (State Museum of Egyptian Art, Munich, Germany).This masterpiece of the royal sculpture in the Old Kingdom shows clearly the substantial anatomical knowledge of the artist, and his ability in polishing hard stones with complete perfection.visit us here

The statues of the servants
The statues of the servants

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