the history of king tutankhamun

When the English Egyptologist Howard Carter traveled to Egypt at the age of 17, leaving his country, heading to the Valley of the Kings in southern Egypt, to begin his footsteps by learning drawing and sculpture and then following his passion in the sciences of exploration and excavation, he did not know that his name would forever be associated with the discovery of the icon of Egyptian civilization Old after 15 years of research.


Egyptologists around the world unanimously agree that the greatness of discovering the tomb of King Tutankhamun, nicknamed the Little Pharaoh, is not because he was a warrior king who contributed to the expansion of the Egyptian Empire like his predecessors, or because he was a building king who built many temples and facilities, but because fate wanted his tomb to disappear from In the eyes of thieves, 

it retains its treasures to this day, which contributed greatly to revealing an aspect of ancient Egyptian history, as it provided important information and details for that time period in the life of human civilization.


There is no evidence of the impact of the discovery of King Tut’s tomb greater than the demand for the exhibition “Tutankhamun: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh”, which is being hosted by the discoverer Carter these days, at the Saatchi Gallery for a period of 6 months, coinciding with the passage of nearly 100 years since the discovery of the golden tomb of the youngest The kings of Egypt, to return the king with his unique artifacts to the city of explorer Carter again, as part of a tour of the Golden Pharaoh’s holdings to visit 10 global cities around the world.


the collectibles of tomb


Inside the tomb, 3,500 pieces of contents were found distributed in the different rooms, giving us an idea of the way of living in the royal palace. Carter, who discovered the tomb in 1922, found Tutankhamun’s clothes, gold jewelry, fabrics, a large number of scarabs, statues, as well as bowls, decorative items and incense.

king tut treasure

Also found were pieces of furniture, chairs, oil lamps, toys, food and drink stocks, gold and pottery vessels, chariots (which were drawn by horses) and military equipment.


Golden pharaoh and the throne


King Tutankhamun assumed the throne of Egypt in a period of radical change in 1336 BC, after Akhenaten changed the official religion of Egypt from the gods to the worship of one god, the sun god Aten; But soon the Egyptian nation returned to the worship of its traditional gods after the death of Akhenaten.

lion face from the throne
lion face from the throne

He was only 11 years old when he assumed the rule, which lasted about 9 years, and he died at the age of 19 in 1323 BC. NS. After 70 days in which the body of the young king was embalmed, he was buried in thetomb that took a number in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, which is tomb “No. 62”, which has not been touched by the hands of thieves since the death of King Tut until November 4, 1922.

when the scientist discovered Howard Carter was the first of the 16 stairs in the cemetery, and at the end of the next day all the stairs were revealed, and at the end of November, Carter reached the front room of the cemetery and the rest of the rooms, and in late November the tomb was officially opened, and the first artifact came out.

From the cemetery in December of the same year, the process of cleaning the front room began, which took about 7 weeks.


Tomb No. 62


The tomb is divided into Entrance A by 16 steps, followed by a sloping vestibule of 7 m in length, and then a transverse rectangular front chamber 8 m in length and 3.67 m in width. Two rooms branch out from it in the north direction: the sarcophagus room and the treasure room, and from the front room a small additional room is branching to the west. 

The walls of the tomb are unadorned, except for the sarcophagus room, which has inscriptions from the Book of the Dead and several pictures depicting Tutankhamun meeting the gods in the afterlife.

the tomb key
the tomb key


A series of mystery around his death


In 2010, the Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass announced a set of scientific discoveries that solve many of the mysteries of the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty, including the mystery of the death of Tutankhamun. A sharp disease led to his death, and DNA analysis and CT scans of Tutankhamun’s mummy revealed that King Akhenaten was King Tut’s father.


The results also revealed that genetic and hereditary diseases played a role in the death of Tutankhamun, as he was suffering from a genetic defect inherited in the family and there were weakness and diseases in these mummies, and problems related to the heart and blood vessels.


When researchers conducted a survey of Tutankhamun’s mummy, they discovered that he had many diseases, such as a kyphosis in his spine, as well as deformity of the big toe, which led to atrophy in his left foot.

King Tut had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth
King Tut had girlish hips, a club foot and buck teeth

At the time, Hawass said in a press conference in the garden of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo: “The ancient drawings depicted Tutankhamun shooting arrows, while he was sitting in the horse-drawn chariot, and not while he was standing, which is unusual, and in his tomb, we found 100 sticks. At first we thought it represented power and strength, but it turned out that they were old crutches that he was using, as he could hardly walk.”


Hawass also explained that the computer scan of the mummy in 2005 was aimed at verifying that he had been killed, given that previous x-ray images revealed a hole in his skull, adding that it was found that this hole was made during the mummification process, but a fracture was discovered. In the left leg bone, it may have played a role in the death of the young pharaoh.

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